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Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict

List of changes in the last year.

Treaty data(5 March 2020)

Parliamentary paper
29976 (R1780)

Reservations, declarations and objections(5 March 2020)

Montenegro, 05-02-2020

Modification of declaration under Article 3 (2) 1 Montenegro does not impose mandatory military service. The minimum age at which Montenegro will permit voluntary recruitment into Montenegro Armed Forces is 18 years. Military obligation for Montenegrin citizens starts from the age of 18 and ends at the end of the year in which they turn 60 years. They could be called to perform military service in time of peace and in case of state of war or state of emergency. This obligation is prescribed by the Law on Defence (‘Official Gazette of Montenegro’, N° 46/19) and the Law on the Armed Forces (‘Official Gazette of Montenegro’, N° 34/2019).

Parties(3 October 2019)

Party Signature Provisional application Ratification

S=Signature without reservation or requirement of ratification
R=Ratification, Acceptance, Approval or Notification
NK=Not Known

Entry into force Renunciation Termination
Gambia, The 21-12-2000 27-09-2019 (R) 27-10-2019
Myanmar 28-09-2015 27-09-2019 (R) 27-10-2019

Reservations, declarations and objections(3 October 2019)

Gambia, The, 27-09-2019

[…] 1. That pursuant to Article 3 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in Armed Conflict, the minimum age for voluntary recruitment into its national armed forces is 18. 2. That recruitment is voluntary and such persons must provide reliable proof of age. 3. That they are fully informed, prior to recruitment, of the duties involved in such military service. 4. That the Republic of The Gambia has established safeguards to ensure that such recruitment is not forced or coerced, including a requirement in Section 59 of the Children’s Act, 2005, which stipulates that ‘a child shall not be recruited into any of the branches of the Armed Forces of The Gambia or other Security Agencies and that the Government or any other relevant agency or body shall ensure that no child is directly involved in any military operations or hostilities’.

Myanmar, 27-09-2019

With reference to Article 3 (2) of the Optional Protocol, the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar declares that citizens may freely present themselves for voluntary military service provided they have attained a minimum age of 18 years, whereas citizens above 16 and under 18 years of age may voluntarily join military academies and military vocational training courses, if furnished with the proof of their age and the prior written consent of their parents or guardians. Interpretative declaration With reference to Article 4 of the Optional Protocol, the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar considers that any responsibility deriving from recruitment of children under 18 years of age or their use in hostilities by non-state armed groups lies solely with such groups. In the prevention of underage military recruitment, the Government would collaborate with the ethnic armed groups which have signed the NCA (Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement). The latter shall also have a duty to apply at all times the principles governing international humanitarian law.


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