On 1 January 1986 the island of Aruba, which was a part of the Netherlands Antilles,
has obtained internal autonomy as a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Consequently, the Kingdom consists of three countries, namely the Netherlands (the
European part of the Kingdom), the Netherlands Antilles (without Aruba) and Aruba.
As the changes of 1 January 1986 concern a shift only in the internal constitutional
relations within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and the Kingdom as such will remain
the subject of international law with which treaties are concluded, the said changes
will have no consequences regarding this Convention, concluded by the Kingdom, which
was applicable to the Netherlands Antilles, included Aruba. This Convention remains
in force for the Netherlands (European part), the Netherlands Antilles and for Aruba
in its new capacity of country within the Kingdom.
The Kingdom of the Netherlands consisted of three parts: the Netherlands, the Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba. The Netherlands Antilles consisted of the islands of Curaçao,
Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.
With effect from 10 October 2010, the Netherlands Antilles ceased to exist as a part
of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Since that date, the Kingdom consists of four parts:
the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten. Curaçao and Sint Maarten enjoy internal
self-government within the Kingdom, as Aruba and, up to 10 October 2010, the Netherlands
These changes constitute a modification of the internal constitutional relations within
the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Kingdom of the Netherlands will accordingly remain
the subject of international law with which agreements are concluded. The modification
of the structure of the Kingdom will therefore not affect the validity of the international
agreements ratified by the Kingdom for the Netherlands Antilles. These agreements,
including any reservations made, will continue to apply to Curaçao and Sint Maarten.
The other islands that have formed part of the Netherlands Antilles - Bonaire, Sint
Eustatius and Saba - became part of the Netherlands, thus constituting 'the Caribbean
part of the Netherlands'. The agreements that applied to the Netherlands Antilles
will also continue to apply to these islands; however, the Government of the Netherlands
will now be responsible for implementing these agreements.