Geneva Convention for the amelioration of the condition of the wounded and the sick in armed forces in the field
Parties with reservations, declarations and objections
|Party||Reservations / Declarations||Objections|
|Democratic People's Republic of Korea||Yes||No|
|Republic of Korea, the||Yes||No|
|United States of America||Yes||No|
Article 10: The People's Republic of Albania will not recognize a request by a Detaining
Power to a humanitarian organization or to a neutral State to take the place of a
Protecting Power, as being in order, unless the Power of which the protected persons
are nationals has given its consent.
[...] the decision of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh to use
henceforth the red crescent instead of the red cross as the emblem and distinctive
Regarding Article 10 of the Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition
of Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field of August 12, 1949, the People's
Republic of China will not recognize as valid a request by the Detaining Power of
the wounded and sick, or medical personnel and chaplains to a neutral State or to
a humanitarian organization, to undertake the functions which should be performed
by a Protecting Power, unless the consent has been obtained of the government of the
State of which the protected persons are nationals.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
On Article 10:
In the event of a Power detaining wounded and sick, or medical personnel, requesting a neutral State, or a humanitarian organization, to undertake the functions incumbent on a Protecting Power, the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea will not consider it a legal request unless an approval is obtained from the Government of the State on which the protected persons concerned depend.
The Council of State of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau does not recognize as legal the request addressed by the Detaining Power to a neutral country, or a humanitarian organization to undertake the functions performed by a Protecting Power, unless the State on which the wounded and sick of the armed forces in the field depend has already agreed to that request.
The Council of State of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau does not recognize the 'conditions' provided for in subparagraph (2) of this article concerning members of other militias and members of other volunteer corps, including those of organized resistance movements, because these conditions are not suited to the people's wars waged today.
Objection Germany, 03-03-1975
Objection to the reservation made upon accession by Guinea-Bissau to the Geneva Convention
I, concerning Article 13 (2)
[...].exceed, in the opinion of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, the purpose and intent of these Conventions and are therefore unacceptable to it. This declaration shall not otherwise affect the validity of the said Geneva Conventions under international law as between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.
Objection United States of America, 04-03-1975
The reservations are similar to reservations expressed by others previously with respect
to the same or different conventions and concerning which the Government of the United
States has previously declared its views. The attitude of the Government of the United
States with respect to all the reservations by the Republic of Guinea-Bissau parallels
its attitude toward such other reservations. The Government of the United States,
while rejecting the reservations, accepts treaty relations with the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.
Objection United Kingdom, 19-11-1975
[...] the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,
recalling their declaration on ratification in relation to similar reservations by
other States, wish to state that, whilst they do not oppose the entry into force of
the Convention in question between the United Kingdom and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau,
they are unable to accept the above-mentioned reservation because, in the view of
the Government of the United Kingdom, these reservations are not of the kind which
intending Parties to the Convention are entitled to make.
The Government of the United Kingdom wish also to place on record that they take the same view of the similar reservations made by the Swiss Minister in London on 8 January 1957, and by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, notified by the Swiss Ambassador in London on 24 August 1957.
In relation to the reservation made by the Republic of Guinea-Bissau [...] to Article 13 of the Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field [...], the Government of the United Kingdom wish to state that they are likewise unable to accept those reservations.
The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran declared that henceforth it wishes
to use the red crescent as the distinctive emblem and sign instead of the red lion
Subject to the reservation that, while respecting the inviolability of the distinctive
signs and emblems of the Convention, Israel will use the Red Shield of David as the
emblem and distinctive sign of the medical services of her armed forces.
This Accession does not imply recognition of Israel or entering with it into relations
governed by the Conventions thereto acceded.
Objection Israel, 22-01-1968
Israel has taken note of the political character of the declaration made by Kuwait
[...]. In the view of the Government of Israel, this declaration is inadmissible and
the Government of Israel formally expresses its objections to this declaration and
as far as its relations with Kuwait are concerned, it reserves the right to act on
the basis of strict reciprocity with regard to issues that are subject to these Conventions.
[...] decided on to adhere to the reservations made by the Former Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Government of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia will not consider as legal a request by the Detaining Power that a neutral State or an international organization or a humanitarian organization should undertake the functions performed under the present Convention by the Protecting Powers, on behalf of the wounded and sick, or medical personnel and chaplains, unless the Government whose nationals they are has given its consent.
The Portuguese Government only accepts article 10 of Conventions I, II and III [...]
with the reservation that requests by the Detaining Power to a neutral State or to
a humanitarian organization to undertake the functions normally performed by Protecting
Powers are made with the consent or agreement of the Government of the country of
which the persons to be protected are nationals (Countries of origin).
.... the Portuguese Republic will cease to assume the rights and obligations arising
from the Conventions and Protocols for Macao from 20 December 1999.
Republic of Korea, the
The Government of the Republic of Korea do hereby declare that it is the only lawful Government in Korea, as set forth in General Assembly Resolution 195 (III) of 12 December 1948, and its accession shall not be construed as recognizing any Contracting Party thereto which the Republic of Korea has not hitherto recognized.
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics will not recognize the validity of requests by the Detaining Power to a neutral State or to a humanitarian organization, to undertake the functions performed by a Protecting Power, unless the consent of the Government of the country of which the protected persons are nationals has been obtained.
In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of
China on the Question of Hong Kong signed on 19 December 1984, the Government of the
United Kingdom will restore Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China with effect
from 1 July 1997. The Government of the United Kingdom will continue to have international
responsibility for Hong Kong until that date. Therefore, from that date the Government
of the United Kingdom will cease to be responsible for the international rights and
obligations arising from application of the Convention to Hong Kong.
United States of America
The United States in ratifying the Geneva Convention for the amelioration of the condition
of the wounded and sick in armed forces in the field does so with the reservation
that irrespective of any provision or provisions in said convention to the contrary,
nothing contained therein shall make unlawful, or obligate the United States of America
to make unlawful, any use or right of use within the United States of America and
its territories and possessions of the Red Cross emblem, sign, insignia, or words
as was lawful by reason of domestic law and a use begun prior to January 5, 1905,
provided such use by pre-1905 users does not extend to the placing of the Red Cross
emblem, sign, or insignia upon aircraft, vessels, vehicles, buildings or other structures,
or upon the ground.
Rejecting the reservations which States have made with respect to the Geneva Convention for the amelioration of the condition of wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea, the United States accepts treaty relations with all parties to that Convention, except as to the changes proposed by such reservations.
A request by the Detaining Power to a neutral Power or to an organization providing guarantees of impartiality and effectiveness, to undertake the functions entrusted to the Protecting Powers by the Convention, will not be recognized as lawful by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, unless the State of which the wounded and sick in armed forces in the field are nationals has approved the request.
The Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen declares that the accession
of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen to this Conventions by no means implies
recognition of Israel.
Objection Israel, 10-02-1978
The Government of Israel takes note that by declarations […] the Popular Democratic
Republic of Yemen adhered to the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 relating
to the protection of war victims.
The said instruments were accompanied by a declaration of a political character in respect to Israel. In the view of the Government of Israel, this is not the proper place for making such political pronouncements, which are, moreover, in flagrant contradiction to the principles, objects and purposes of the said Conventions. The said declaration cannot in any way affect whatever obligations are binding upon the Popular Democratic Republic of Yemen under general international law or under particular treaties.