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Treaty

Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Treaty data

Treaty number
008415
Date of conclusion
11-12-1997
Place of conclusion
Kyoto
Provisional application
Entry into force
16-02-2005
Retroactive effect
Termination
Treaty Series
1998, 170
1999, 110
2005, 1
2007, 206
2013, 44
2014, 212
Parliamentary paper
27089
Approval act
2002, 181
Consolidated text
0001538

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Provisional application Entry into force Retroactive effect Termination
Netherlands
(in Europe)
16-02-2005
Netherlands
(Bonaire)
Netherlands
(Sint Eustatius)
Netherlands
(Saba)
Aruba
Curaçao
Sint Maarten

Parties

Parties with a link have a reservation.

Party Signature Provisional application Ratification

S=Signature without reservation or requirement of ratification
R=Ratification, Acceptance, Approval or Notification
A=Accession
Su=Succession
NK=Not Known

Entry into force Renunciation Termination
Afghanistan 25-03-2013 (A) 23-06-2013
Albania 01-04-2005 (A) 30-06-2005
Algeria 16-02-2005 (A) 17-05-2005
Angola 08-05-2007 (A) 06-08-2007
Antigua and Barbuda 16-03-1998 03-11-1998 (R) 16-02-2005
Argentina 16-03-1998 28-09-2001 (R) 16-02-2005
Armenia 25-04-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Australia 29-04-1998 12-12-2007 (R) 11-03-2008
Austria 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Azerbaijan 28-09-2000 (A) 16-02-2005
Bahamas 09-04-1999 (A) 16-02-2005
Bahrain 31-01-2006 (A) 01-05-2006
Bangladesh 22-10-2001 (A) 16-02-2005
Barbados 07-08-2000 (A) 16-02-2005
Belarus 26-08-2005 (A) 24-11-2005
Belgium 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Belize 26-09-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Benin 25-02-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Bhutan 26-08-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Bolivia 09-07-1998 30-11-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16-04-2007 (A) 15-07-2007
Botswana 08-08-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Brazil 29-04-1998 23-08-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Brunei 20-08-2009 (A) 18-11-2009
Bulgaria 18-09-1998 15-08-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Burkina Faso 31-03-2005 (A) 29-06-2005
Burundi 18-10-2001 (A) 16-02-2005
Cambodia 22-08-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Cameroon 28-08-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Canada 29-04-1998 17-12-2002 (R) 16-02-2005 15-12-2011 15-12-2012
Cape Verde 10-02-2006 (A) 11-05-2006
Central African Republic 18-03-2008 (A) 16-06-2008
Chad 18-08-2009 (A) 17-11-2009
Chile 17-06-1998 26-08-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
China 29-05-1998 30-08-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Colombia 30-11-2001 (A) 16-02-2005
Comoros 10-04-2008 (A) 09-07-2008
Cook Islands 16-09-1998 27-08-2001 (R) 16-02-2005
Costa Rica 27-04-1998 09-08-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Côte d'Ivoire 23-04-2007 (A) 22-07-2007
Croatia 11-03-1999 30-05-2007 (R) 28-08-2007
Cuba 15-03-1999 30-04-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Cyprus 16-07-1999 (A) 16-02-2005
Czech Republic 23-11-1998 15-11-2001 (R) 16-02-2005
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 27-04-2005 (A) 26-07-2005
Democratic Republic of the Congo 23-03-2005 (A) 21-06-2005
Denmark 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Djibouti 12-03-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Dominica 25-01-2005 (A) 25-04-2005
Dominican Republic 12-02-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Ecuador 15-01-1999 13-01-2000 (R) 16-02-2005
Egypt 15-03-1999 12-01-2005 (R) 12-04-2005
El Salvador 08-06-1998 30-11-1998 (R) 16-02-2005
Equatorial Guinea 16-08-2000 (A) 16-02-2005
Eritrea 28-07-2005 (A) 26-10-2005
Estonia 03-12-1998 14-10-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Eswatini 13-01-2006 (A) 13-04-2006
Ethiopia 14-04-2005 (A) 13-07-2005
EU (European Union) 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Federated States of Micronesia 17-03-1998 21-06-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Fiji 17-09-1998 17-09-1998 (R) 16-02-2005
Finland 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
France 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Gabon 12-12-2006 (A) 12-03-2007
Gambia, The 01-06-2001 (A) 16-02-2005
Georgia 16-06-1999 (A) 16-02-2005
Germany 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Ghana 30-05-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Greece 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Grenada 06-08-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Guatemala 10-07-1998 05-10-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Guinea 07-09-2000 (A) 16-02-2005
Guinea-Bissau 18-11-2005 (A) 16-02-2006
Guyana 05-08-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Haïti 06-07-2005 (A) 04-10-2005
Honduras 25-02-1999 19-07-2000 (R) 16-02-2005
Hungary 21-08-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Iceland 23-05-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
India 26-08-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Indonesia 13-07-1998 03-12-2004 (R) 03-03-2005
Iran 22-08-2005 (A) 20-11-2005
Iraq 28-07-2009 (A) 26-10-2009
Ireland 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Israel 16-12-1998 15-03-2004 (R) 16-02-2005
Italy 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Jamaica 28-06-1999 (A) 16-02-2005
Japan 28-04-1998 04-06-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Jordan 17-01-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Kazakhstan 12-03-1999 19-06-2009 (R) 17-09-2009
Kenya 25-02-2005 (A) 26-05-2005
Kiribati 07-09-2000 (A) 16-02-2005
Kuwait 11-03-2005 (A) 09-06-2005
Kyrgyzstan 13-05-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Laos 06-02-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Latvia 14-12-1998 05-07-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Lebanon 13-11-2006 (A) 11-02-2007
Lesotho 06-09-2000 (A) 16-02-2005
Liberia 05-11-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Libya 24-08-2006 (A) 22-11-2006
Liechtenstein 29-06-1998 03-12-2004 (R) 03-03-2005
Lithuania 21-09-1998 03-01-2003 (R) 16-02-2005
Luxembourg 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of 18-11-2004 (A) 16-02-2005
Madagascar 24-09-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Malawi 26-10-2001 (A) 16-02-2005
Malaysia 12-03-1999 04-09-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Maldives 16-03-1998 30-12-1998 (R) 16-02-2005
Mali 27-01-1999 28-03-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Malta 17-04-1998 11-11-2001 (R) 16-02-2005
Marshall Islands 17-03-1998 11-08-2003 (R) 16-02-2005
Mauritania 22-07-2005 (A) 20-10-2005
Mauritius 09-05-2001 (A) 16-02-2005
Mexico 09-06-1998 07-09-2000 (R) 16-02-2005
Moldova 22-04-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Monaco 29-04-1998 27-02-2006 (R) 28-05-2006
Mongolia 15-12-1999 (A) 16-02-2005
Montenegro 04-06-2007 (A) 02-09-2007
Morocco 25-01-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Mozambique 18-01-2005 (A) 18-04-2005
Myanmar 13-08-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Namibia 04-09-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Nauru 16-08-2001 (A) 16-02-2005
Nepal 16-09-2005 (A) 15-12-2005
Netherlands, the Kingdom of the 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
New Zealand 22-05-1998 19-12-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Nicaragua 07-07-1998 18-11-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Niger 23-10-1998 30-09-2004 (R) 16-02-2005
Nigeria 10-12-2004 (A) 10-03-2005
Niue 08-12-1998 06-05-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Norway 29-04-1998 30-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Oman 19-01-2005 (A) 19-04-2005
Pakistan 11-01-2005 (A) 11-04-2005
Palau 10-12-1999 (A) 16-02-2005
Panama 08-06-1998 05-03-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Papua New Guinea 02-03-1999 28-03-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Paraguay 25-08-1998 27-08-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Peru 13-11-1998 12-09-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Philippines 15-04-1998 20-11-2003 (R) 16-02-2005
Poland 15-07-1998 13-12-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Portugal 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Qatar 11-01-2005 (A) 11-04-2005
Republic of Korea, the 25-09-1998 08-11-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Republic of the Congo 12-02-2007 (A) 13-05-2007
Romania 05-01-1999 19-03-2001 (R) 16-02-2005
Russian Federation 11-03-1999 18-11-2004 (R) 16-02-2005
Rwanda 22-07-2004 (A) 16-02-2005
Saint Kitts and Nevis 08-04-2008 (A) 07-07-2008
Saint Lucia 16-03-1998 20-08-2003 (R) 16-02-2005
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 19-03-1998 31-12-2004 (R) 31-03-2005
Samoa 16-03-1998 27-11-2000 (R) 16-02-2005
San Marino 28-04-2010 (A) 27-07-2010
São Tomé e Principe 25-04-2008 (A) 24-07-2008
Saudi Arabia 31-01-2005 (A) 01-05-2005
Senegal 20-07-2001 (A) 16-02-2005
Serbia 19-10-2007 (A) 17-01-2008
Seychelles 20-03-1998 22-07-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Sierra Leone 10-11-2006 (A) 08-02-2007
Singapore 12-04-2006 (A) 11-07-2006
Slovakia 26-02-1999 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Slovenia 21-10-1998 02-08-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Solomon Islands 29-09-1998 13-03-2003 (R) 16-02-2005
Somalia 26-07-2010 (A) 24-10-2010
South Africa 31-07-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Spain 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Sri Lanka 03-09-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Sudan 02-11-2004 (A) 16-02-2005
Suriname 25-09-2006 (A) 24-12-2006
Sweden 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Switzerland 16-03-1998 09-07-2003 (R) 16-02-2005
Syria 27-01-2006 (A) 27-04-2006
Tajikistan 29-12-2008 (A) 29-03-2009
Tanzania 26-08-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Thailand 02-02-1999 28-08-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Timor-Leste 14-10-2008 (A) 12-01-2009
Togo 02-07-2004 (A) 16-02-2005
Tonga 14-01-2008 (A) 13-04-2008
Trinidad and Tobago 07-01-1999 28-01-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Tunisia 22-01-2003 (A) 16-02-2005
Turkey 28-05-2009 (A) 26-08-2009
Turkmenistan 28-09-1998 11-01-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Tuvalu 16-11-1998 16-11-1998 (R) 16-02-2005
Uganda 25-03-2002 (A) 16-02-2005
Ukraine 15-03-1999 12-04-2004 (R) 16-02-2005
United Arab Emirates 26-01-2005 (A) 26-04-2005
United Kingdom 29-04-1998 31-05-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
United States of America 12-11-1998
Uruguay 29-07-1998 05-02-2001 (R) 16-02-2005
Uzbekistan 20-11-1998 12-10-1999 (R) 16-02-2005
Vanuatu 17-07-2001 (A) 16-02-2005
Venezuela 18-02-2005 (A) 19-05-2005
Vietnam 03-12-1998 25-09-2002 (R) 16-02-2005
Yemen 15-09-2004 (A) 16-02-2005
Zambia 05-08-1998 07-07-2006 (R) 05-10-2006
Zimbabwe 30-06-2009 (A) 28-09-2009

Extensions

China

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Hong Kong SAR 08-04-2003
Macao SAR 14-01-2008

United Kingdom

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Bermuda 07-03-2007
Cayman Islands 07-03-2007
Falkland Islands 07-03-2007
Gibraltar 02-01-2007
Guernsey 04-04-2006
Jersey 07-03-2007
Man, Isle of 04-04-2006

Parent treaties

Title Date of conclusion Place of conclusion
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 09-05-1992 New York

Actions

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